What is Occupational
Occupational Therapy can benefit children with learning and
behavioral disorders, developmental delays, visual and hearing
impairments, emotional disturbances or physical disabilities.
They may learn to function more freely in a developmental or
sensory integration program. Some conditions, such as emotional
disturbances, can be controlled or improved by the use of
therapy. The purpose of therapy is to help strengthen the
coordination between brain and body to gain and/or enhance
function in daily living.
What is Physical
Paediatric physical therapy assists in early detection of health problems and uses a wide variety of modalities to treat disorders in the paediatric population. These therapists are specialized in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of infants, children, and adolescents with a variety of congenital, developmental, neuromuscular, skeletal, or acquired disorders/diseases. Treatments focus on improving gross and fine motor skills, balance and coordination, strength and endurance as well as cognitive and sensory processing/integration. Children with developmental delays, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, and torticollis are a few of the patients treated by paediatric physical therapists.
Why do I need a Paediatric Physical or Occupational Therapist?
Paediatric Physical and Occupational Therapists are rehabilitation professionals who are trained in all stages of child development; they are highly qualified to address the special needs of children from birth through adolescence. Working with children every day, PT's and OT's are experts when it comes to motivating and challenging your child to improve his/her functional abilities. As your child progresses, your therapist will also teach you, as a parent, what to expect and how you can help your child at home.
What is Speech and Language Therapy?
Speech and Language Therapists assist children who have the following types of problems:
difficulty producing and using speech
difficulty understanding language
difficulty using language
difficulty with feeding, chewing or swallowing
a voice regulation problem
Speech and language therapy involves treatment for children with speech and/or language disorders. A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds, whereas a language disorder refers to a difficulty understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas.
Speech Disorders and Language Disorders
Speech disorders include the following problems, according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA):
Articulation disorders include difficulties producing sounds in syllables or saying words incorrectly to the point that other people can't understand what's being said.
Fluency disorders include problems such as stuttering, the condition in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, repetitions (st-st-stuttering), or prolonging sounds and syllables (ssssstuttering).
Resonance or voice disorders include problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that distract listeners from what's being said. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort for the child when speaking.
Dysphagia/oral feeding disorders, including difficulties with eating and swallowing.
Language disorders can be either receptive or expressive:
Receptive disorders refer to difficulties understanding or processing language.
Expressive disorders include difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way.
Speech and language experts agree that parental involvement is crucial to the success of a child's progress in speech or language therapy.
Parents are an extremely important part of their child's therapy program, and help determine whether it is a success. Kids who complete the program quickest and with the most lasting results are those whose parents have been involved.
What is Sensory
sensory integration approach is based on the research and
writings of many therapists and physicians. A. Jean Ayres,
Ph.D., as OT, was a leading contributor to this way of looking
at how children develop and interact with their environment.
She formulated on of the main theories of sensory integrations,
and created testing procedures and treatment techniques based
upon sensory integration theory. Her methods have been widely
used for over thirty years.
“Sensory” pertains to our senses: hearing, sight, smell, touch,
taste, and perception of motion, movement and gravity.
“Integration” is the process of unifying, or allowing the brain
to use the information that the senses take in. Sensory
integration is used for all activities, but OT’s are especially
concerned about organization of sensory information for use in
the classroom, on the playground, for activities of daily
living, and lastly, relationships and interactions with others.
programs are based on understanding how people deal with life’s
sensations. Specifically, Occupational Therapists look and test
for how an individual perceives or organizes sensations from
life and body experiences. The testing focuses on seeing if the
child’s internal sensory systems are working together properly.
Treatment is more effective if it is similar to normal client
activities and desires. Since a child’s normal activity is to
play, OT’s treat with an individualized program presented as
directed play. Through play, children learn about themselves
and the world around them. When all that they see, hear and
feel makes sense to them, a process of sensory integration
occurs. Sensory integration provides a crucial foundation for
developing good physical, academic and social skills.
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